What is Eczema?
Eczema is a chronic inflammatory skin condition. It is known as the "itch that rashes." It can go by different names, depending on what is triggering the skin to become inflamed.
Atopic Dermatitis is caused by an allergy to either a food or airborne allergen.
Contact Dermatitis is secondary to a chemical causing inflammation.
Irritant Dermatitis is often from abrasion of the skin, such as excessive handwashing or exposure to chemicals.
Control of eczema includes a combination of allergen avoidance along with medications (typically topical). The goal is to identify the trigger and eliminate the need for medications.
Moisturizing the skin on a regular basis is very important for people with eczema.
Topical steroids, calcineurin inhibitors and skin barrier emulsion creams may be necessary to treat areas of inflamed skin.
In people with more severe eczema, other treatment options include oral immunosuppressant medications and allergen immunotherapy.
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